How To Build A Dry Creek Bed Using River Rock

February 13, 2022

 

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A dry creek bed is a wonderful addition to any property. It can enhance the natural ambiance in an environment and add class, style, and grace. In short, a dry creek bed is river rock strategically placed in a natural riparian area.

A riparian area is an ecosystem located along the outskirts of a body of water, such as a streambank, riverbank, and flood pain. The land along a riparian zone is a little different than typical soil because the vegetation is shaped by the presence of water. Riparian areas are typically transitional between wetlands and upland.

A dry creek bed is found in these types of areas and consists of strategically landscape stones and pebbles edged with plants to optimize drainage. This ultimately prevents erosion by mitigating runoff. A dry creek bed is beneficial because of its ability to soak up water in the event of rain. Building these are considered a much less invasive drainage solution and known as “hardscaping.” And thankfully, their appearance can enhance your home’s curb appeal!

 When designing a dry creek bed for your property, you want to take into consideration a variety of factors. First, it’s important to determine the map of your landscape rock. How do you want your dry creek bed to look and what pattern should it follow? If your primary purpose is to direct drainage, then you want to design your dry creek bed in the direction of the water stream. Consider where the water flows, in which direction, and be sure to design your dry creek bed so that the drainage (from heavy rainfall or snow) does not empty into your neighbor’s property or the street!

It may help to sketch out your design on a piece of paper and visualize it before you begin concrete planning. Spend a few days with the idea of your perfect dry creek bed, look out your window and imagine it greeting you every morning. Is it what you envisioned? Is it the best design for your individual aesthetic and property?

Second, you want to mark the edges of your proposed dry creek bed with landscaping paint. This gives you a real sense of where this will be installed. The third step is then removing existing vegetation. Some tips for this include cutting a circle around the crown of the plant with a sharp spade and prying the roots up and out. Larger perennials may be best removed by cutting into smaller sections while still rooted in soil.

This third step also includes excavating between 12” and 18” into the soil in a concave shape. It’s important to mark all irrigation pipes in this process so you aren’t having to repair broken sprinklers later!

Fourth, it’s advisable to line your dry creek bed with landscape fabric held in place with landscape pins. It’s helpful to actually walk on top of the landscape fabric to compact it, especially so weeds don’t grow up in your future creek bed. Then you want to mount the excavated soil around the sides of the creek in order to create a natural appearance or transfer it to needed areas around the overall landscape itself.

The fifth step involves covering the area with a thick layer of gravel or coarse sand. This helps secure the rocks you want better in place.

Then the sixth step is the most fun—choosing your pebbles or rocks!

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Photo Credit: @willowtreehill19 on Instagram

There are a variety of pebbles to choose from, ranging in natural and polished selections as well as various sizes. If you are aiming for a natural looking dry creek bed, you might want to strategically place larger boulders (stones over 10 inches in diameter) along the edges of the creek path. These are often found in nature and can mimic an authentic look.

White options such as Himalaya White Pebbles or White Polished Pebbles give off a sense of sophistication and grace. Ash Beach Pebbles offer deep gray tones that directly reflect the look of what you’d find on the beach. Amazon Multi Pebbles span the colors of the rainbow as fine polished quartzite rocks, ideal for wavering paths and helping to accent landscape features. Nile Gray Natural Boulders provide an earthy gray-dark palette to center and gravitate the edges of your dry creek bed. Clearly, you aren’t at a loss of options when it comes to diversifying the broad range of pebble colors, contours, and shapes!

The final step in creating your ideal dry creek bed is determining which plant life you want alongside it. Native plants are always welcome, which vary according to your region. Groundcovers such as marsh marigold and wood betony will help with erosion and prevent weeds. More permanent plantings such as blooming shrubs and bushes can offer year-round interest. Flowering options unaffected by water levels such as blazing star, wild geranium and crested iris are ideal for dry creek beds.

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Photo Credit: @kglandscapemanagement on Pinterest

Additionally, succulents look breathtaking. You want to determine which plants will compliment your rocks, pebbles, and boulders and not overtake them. You want to ask yourself: Is this a supportive plant in my dry creek bed or is it a focal point? Above all, it’s crucial to consider draught-tolerant plant life that will thrive in your native environment. A trip to your local nursery will inform you of your options and teach you a thing or two about what will thrive in your particular climate!

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Photo Credit: @theownerbuildernetwork on Pinterest

All in all, creating a dry creek bed is extremely rewarding and can enhance the value and aesthetic appeal of your property immensely. It can be enjoyed year-round and prove a practical solution to water drainage issues during heavy rainfall and snow. Ensuring you take the correct steps to make a dry creek bed of your choosing is imperative, so take the time and plan out how you want yours to look, which pebbles and boulders would look best, and the plants that will enhance (not take away) from its stunning appeal.